Rural telcos in Iowa have created a new coalition called The Great Disconnect, which according to a press release issued April 20, is aimed at addressing “the lack of understanding about telecommunications in Iowa and a potential double standard regarding communication services in urban versus rural areas.”

The group, comprised of members of the Iowa Telecommunications Association, Iowa Network Services and the Rural Iowa Independent Telephone Association, has taken some steps that rural telco groups in other states might want to emulate, as well as one or two that I would encourage other rural telco groups to stay away from.

Strong points
On the positive side, The Great Disconnect coalition has established an interactive web site designed to help fill in the information gap about rural telcos.

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The site depicts a rural landscape depicting a clickable farm home, rural gas station, rural health care facility, farming equipment and the like. As the user clicks on each of these elements, a message appears that explains how modern telecommunications infrastructure can help support that element. Some of these messages emphasize the benefits of modern infrastructure to rural residents, noting for example that telemedicine can help everyone receive high-quality health care. But the site also plays to the self-interests of metro residents who may pass through rural areas, noting for example that rural gas stations need the ability to process credit cards.

The site also plays up the importance of rural telecom networks in supporting nationwide wireless service. “When you drive down the interstate, your cellphone gets its signal from towers that are connected to a landline,” the site says. “Calls don’t simply travel ‘over the air’ – they require a direct connection to a landline network . . . A telecoms fiber optic network enables . . . cellular call and data transfers to happen.”

The new coalition also has taken the smart step of lining up local supporters to help illustrate the impact that broadband can have on rural communities. For example, the press release announcing the coalition quotes Dr. Steven Kraus, CEO of Future Health, an EHR software company in Carroll, Iowa. “Our software company services customers all over the nation,” said Kraus in the announcement. “Connectivity in rural Iowa is critical to our survival and success within our business’ competitive landscape.”

Not-so-strong points
Now here’s the not so positive side of what The Great Disconnect is doing.

The coalition’s concern about a potential double standard apparently refers to the contradictory nature of the National Broadband Plan’s goal of seeing 100 Mb/s service to 100 million households by 2020 in comparison with the NBP’s proposed target of just 4 Mb/s for the proposed broadband Universal Service fund.

I was disappointed to see the coalition continuing to focus on the NBP, issued more than a year ago, rather than the FCC’s more recent notice of proposed rulemaking about Universal Service reform issued two months ago.  That NPRM retains some of the NBP’s recommendations, including the 4 Mb/s broadband target, but leaves open the possibility of rejecting some other NBP recommendations that could be potentially more harmful to rural telcos than the broadband speed target, such as the recommendation to award funding based on a reverse auction or to end rate-of-return regulation.

Perhaps The Great Disconnect coalition latched onto the 4 Mb/s vs. 100 Mb/s issue because it is easier for the average citizen to understand. But I think it’s important not to give the average citizen the wrong idea about this.

It’s important to recognize that the 100 Mb/s goal is not one for which the FCC proposes to provide funding. Instead, it’s a goal that cable companies in metro areas are well on their way to reaching with DOCSIS 3.0. That doesn’t mean the service will be priced at the rate people now pay for lower-speed service nor does it mean that all, or even most, of cable company customers will be taking service at that speed any time soon.

I’m not saying 4 Mb/s is the right speed target for the broadband Universal Service program. I think it should be higher. But to establish a 100 Mb/s goal for the broadband Universal Service program just isn’t realistic at this point in time because it would cause the cost of the program to increase enormously, so let’s not give the average citizen unrealistic expectations.

Apparently recognizing this, national rural telco groups–including the NTCA and OPASTCO–have toned down their rhetoric on this topic in recent months. Instead of focusing on specific broadband speeds, both groups now argue simply that broadband speeds in rural areas should be comparable to those in metropolitan areas.

What to take away from this
Fortunately, The Great Disconnect coalition stays away from a discussion of speeds in the resources that it makes available to Iowa residents on its site. For example, the site includes a sample letter to the editor, which it encourages Iowans to send to their local media outlet. Here’s an excerpt:

“The Universal Service Fund . . . plays a valuable role in our state’s economic development, education and health care. Rural telephone companies provide the underlying telecommunications network that makes it possible for businesses to operate in, and relocate to, rural parts of our state. The telecommunications network also brings distance learning opportunities to school districts that do not have enough students to support full-time teachers in select subjects. And for many residents in small towns, the telecommunications network links community medical facilities to major hospitals, bringing the world-class medical care and expertise to patients wherever they are located.”

This is the kind of language I would encourage rural telcos in other states to use in creating similar resources for their own citizens. One change I would make, though, is to include some recognition that the FCC is planning to reform the Universal Service program to focus on broadband and that, in principle, it’s a good idea.

Providing resources such as these seems like another good idea that rural telcos in other states might want to borrow from The Great Disconnect. I would just advise other telco groups not to emulate The Great Disconnect’s fixation on the NBP and the tired 4 meg vs. 100 meg debate.

Read National Broadband Plan author Blair Levin’s response to this post.

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11 thoughts on “Iowa Telcos Cite a Great Disconnect

  1. 4 Meg is exactly the same as the Rural electrification in the 40's and 50's. While poeple in Chicago had lights in every room, and were watching television, most rural residents were fortunate to have one light bulb in the main room of the house. Things just DO NOT progress in the Rural parts of America like they do in Metro Areas.There is not a one size fits all solution. I live in a county in rural America that has lost 10% of its population in both of the last 2 census'. If you want to be fair to rural America, find a way to provide good manufacturing jobs, not over-priced government funded communications networks.

    1. In today's information age – where do you think those jobs are going to come from? No one will put a plant in a rural area with inadequate communications infrastructure. Based on your argument, you need better communications infrastructure to attract those jobs.

  2. The speed doesn't define the network, the network defines the speed. With an aging copper plant, rural telcos are focused on rebuilding their copper distribution facility that is in some cases twenty-five to thirty years old, with fiber optic facility that future proofs the network as a long-term solution to broadband delivery. The USDA Rural Development Utilities Program implemented a policy years ago not to finance copper plant for rebuilding local distribution network. RDUP will finance only fiber optics. To limit funding only for a 4Mb network isn't reasonable.

    1. Good points. For the FCC to say "4 Mbps" means that they're satisfied with DSL and wireless (either broadband wireless or 3G/4G. The 100 Mbps metric, outside of a city, means fiber optics.

      Service providers know that fiber is the end-game for connectivity. On the one hand the FCC and many reports complain that the US is ranked "x" in the world for speed, availability, etc, but then sets some very low thresholds for speeds it will subsidize. Of course the FCC says service providers can deploy networks that offer faster speeds, but where it's exactly where USF is being used that the RLECs are saying "4 Mbps is too slow, if you want faster speeds for citizens we'll need more subsidies and recovery certainty, not less".

  3. The group name is right on "The Great Disconnect" unfortunately they are the ones trying to put one over on the public. Check out the dark fiber maps for IA then ask why are they dark? Get a list of where telecommunications funding went and ask the next question. This group of Telecoms has something up there sleeves. Maybe its an excuse for the incredibly slow internet service here vs the high cost of the service. Maybe it has something to do with the Qwest-CenturyLink acquisition, maybe it has to do with the 4G wireless roll out. This is the most anti-competitive group of players ever assembled. Be warned they are up to something and given the past 10 years its not in the best interest of rural Iowans.

    1. I think you might be throwing the baby out with the bathwater here. The issues you cite are more for the larger ILECs like Qwest and Windstream/Iowa Telecom. The small independents represented by these groups deliver far superior service and broadband to their rural communities. Are there problems? Sure. But 9 times out of 10, those problems are perpetrated by large publicly traded ILECs, not by small rural community focused telcos.

  4. Qwest is the REBOC then there are about 150 independent ILEC's which are a member of one association or another (mostly for pooling of resources) a few small scattered CLEC's, Iowa Telcom (same address as WindStream) which purchased the old GTE operations and Mediacom has a small foot print. Venturing a guess I'd say about 50% is Qwest and 50% everything else with the population edge to Qwest. Comparing the ILEC numbers to bordering states is similar.

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