In the past few years, we’ve seen much momentum with FTTH. The FTTH Council recently reported that 9 million homes in the U.S. now subscribe to FTTH and it is available (homes passed) to 21.3 million homes. Yet, from both a global and a U.S. perspective, DSL is still the broadband workhorse for telcos.

FTTH Momentum
Much of the FTTH momentum of the past few years can be attributed to the $7.2 billion broadband stimulus program. Additionally, there is significant FTTH activity in the municipal broadband movement. But has FTTH construction peaked in the U.S.? The leading North American FTTH carrier, Verizon, has announced their FiOS plans are just about complete, with no new additional FiOS builds to come.

For smaller independent carriers, the ‘broadband infrastructure disinvestment act,’ also known as universal service reform and the Connect America Fund may significantly slow future new FTTH activity. For telcos, that brings us back to the broadband workhorse, DSL. As wireline carriers chart their long term future, will DSL play a more pronounced role, given the clear trend towards cost cutting?

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DSL Innovation
There was a flurry of announcements regarding DSL innovation this week (summarized below), which led me to write this post. Some of these announcements were driven by the upcoming Broadband World Forum. But I also suggest that access vendors recognize that DSL is not going anywhere, and in fact, needs more attention, because it has an important seat at the table when discussing the future of broadband.

Here’s a summary of some of the recent announcements regarding new innovation in DSL:

Zero Touch Vectoring
Vectoring technology is a relatively new innovation for DSL which basically is a noise cancelling technology which reduces cross talk in copper pairs, allowing DSL to achieve much faster bandwidth throughput as a result. Some vendors are claiming they can squeeze 100 Mbps out of VDSL2 vectoring, albeit at rather short distances. It’s very much a FTTN technology, where VDSL2 connects to the home from a fiber fed cabinet.

Alcatel-Lucent reports their new zero touch VDSL2 vectoring reduces or eliminates the need for carriers to replace VDSL2 modems, when moving to a vectoring solution. All service providers can relate to the hassle and high cost of replacing modems at the customer location.

DSL Rings
Genesis Technical Systems (GTS), a company I’m not very familiar with, claims their DSL Rings product can deliver up to 400 Mbps over DSL. GTS is light on the technical details, but DSL Rings appears to be a bonded pair technology. Bonding of copper pairs is another popular approach to getting more performance out of DSL by leveraging multiple copper pairs to the home.

Reverse Powered Fiber to the Distribution Point
Chipset vendor Lantiq announced a new DSL innovation that they claim can deliver up to 250 Mbps over VDSL2 to a distance of about 200 meters. This reverse powered Fiber to the Distribution Point (FTTdp) is another FTTN solution and is a joint effort with Aethra Telecommunications.

According to Lantiq, the solution offers a “…fully reverse powered, based on a customer premise power injector adaptor developed by Aethra Telecommunications. The maximum power budget for the reverse powered distribution point is limited to less than 10W.”

200 Mbps over Copper
Chipset vendor Ikanos launched their Velocity™-3 solution, which they claim can offer up to 200 Mbps over copper pairs.  This solution is also based on vectoring technology and Ikanos says it can support up to 384 copper lines in a fiber terminated installation (FTTx).

This is certainly not an all inclusive list of innovation in DSL, but does highlight continued progress with DSL – progress I suspect will continue, given the ongoing role of DSL in the future of broadband.

Image courtesy of flickr user Jeremy Brooks

Join the Conversation

14 thoughts on “DSL Renaissance Underway?

  1. We were very close to pulling the trigger on FTTH, but given the regression analysis stuff, we’ve put it on hold.

  2. Let's not give too much credit to the broadband stimulus program. Of those households that now have access to FTTH services as a result of a stimulus funded project, how many of those already had access to broadband of some form. The $7.2B was supposed to be spent to bring access to broadband to households that had ZERO access of any kind, wired or wireless. Instead, numerous reports of over-building and misused funds have been made. Just another misguided attempt by this FCC to achieve a goal they have to idea how to adequately fund – universal broadband.

  3. If you have to take fiber to a cabinet within 200 meters of a resident or business, why not take fiber all the way/ No need for a cabinet ac power, ftth makes much more since to me

    1. Good point. Entirely dependent on your situation and how many homes are hanging off of that cabinet. Urban and some suburban settings will want to take advantage of existing copper, rather than running fiber to all those homes. Rural/low density and some greenfield settings look entirely different and bringing fiber to those homes make more sense.

      1. Exactly, we do a lot of high bandwidth broadband using bonded copper pairs and take fiber to our DSLAMs. No need to incur the tremendous expense to do FTTH when we can get 30-50 Mbps from copper.

        1. And thankfully, spare pairs are not nearly the problem they used to be. I can remember days not too long ago where spare pairs were tough to find and damls/pair gains were the order of the day. But there is a bright side to people giving up those second and first lines …

        2. Bonding is only real solution outside of metro markets. But FTTH is should be the real long term solution. It will be a shame if we as a country can't figure out how to get it done. We figured out a world class road system, why not FTTH?

  4. Kevin's first comment is exactly right. I have had my territory overbuilt by broadband stimulus funded competition. We already provide dsl as the incumbent carrier, the cable company already provides broadband to the towns and there are 3 wireless providers, not counting cell companies. The Broadband Stimulus missed the target…areas with no access. We are in the process of upgrading dslam's to provide bonded services soon. I feel fiber to the dslam is critical, but fiber to the home, not so much.

    1. Interesting — if you're the incumbent with DSL, there is a cable broadband provider, and 3 WISPs, what on earth did the stimulus money fund for that market?

      1. back to DSL expansion – is there any progress in providing DSL in the rural areas using loaded cable?
        this would be the answer to the much needed broadband expansion. some of us are sick and tired of dail up ISPs. believe it or not, some of us can't get a wireless IP or cell signal and have just a POTS number to survive on.

      2. It was used for a Co Op Telco to instal FTTH. From what I have seen here in the upper midwest, the stimulus funding has been used mostly to compete, not provide a service where there was none.

  5. The facts are still misleading – if they focused on areas that had no access in advance of the program then this would give a realistic figure. Disappointing.

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